When you and your partner are trying to bring a baby into the world, it may prove helpful to have your semen tested early in the process.
A healthcare professional can determine what steps to you need to take to keep your sperm healthy and abundant. A male fertility test will typically measure:
Your sperm count is a measure of how many sperm are in a given amount of semen - the average is about 100 million sperm per ejaculation. It only takes one sperm to fertilize an egg, but most sperm do not survive the journey through the reproductive tract. A high sperm count increases the chances of one making it to the egg.
The chances of pregnancy are also affected by the amount of semen in ejaculate. Around 2-6 milliliters of semen is considered normal, while less than that may not be enough to make a baby.
This is a measure of how many sperm are moving, as well as the direction of their movement. At least 50% of sperm should be moving forward in a straight line one hour after ejaculation.
After a doctor has established that you are fertile, timing is also an important factor in conception. Once inside a woman’s body, sperm can live for up to 5 days – so even if you have sex before the most fertile point in her cycle, there is a chance that she will get pregnant. And though sperm production continues throughout a man’s entire life, sperm count may decrease with age.
Learn more about how to maintain healthy sperm: How to Keep Your Sperm Count High.
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